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Orbs are seen on digital camera’s and camcorders (IR night vision) and can be seen as transparent or in solid form, different colours and some people can see faces in orbs, but they were rare before digital cameras and only appeared in the mid 1990‘s. But are traced back to the early 20th century but not one were linked or published to spirit/paranormal until Rickard & Collin’s photographs of the unknown, in 1980, but were explained as natural but unusual.
is illuminated by the camera flash and recorded by the cameras CCD (Charged Coupled Device) and shows orbs are nucleus and rings. Digital cameras are more sensitive to UV & IF light than 35mm cameras and have greater depth of field (the area on either side of the photo subject, which appears 'in focus') compared to a 35mm camera. Therefore digital cameras are more likely to capture ‘orbs’ and the bigger the depth the more chance you have of capturing orbs, some think this is the main cause of digital ‘orbs‘ along with using the flash.
The flash reflects on the surface of any particle (dust, insect etc) between the camera lens and the point of focus and appear as a circle of confusion (out of focus highlight) and create an ‘orb’ shape in a picture. Circle of confusion are caused by reflection highlights which are all around us, on most objects, when the lights are on and are seen as white.
Lens flares can cause ‘orbs’. Lens are coated with an anti-reflective material, this helps reduce secondary reflections. But when bright lights are facing the camera lens the coating is not as affective and causes lens flare (Secondary reflection). The camera flash bounces back from something reflective in range of the camera, this creates a round ball of light and appears to be in the parameters of the photo.
The cheaper the camera the more orbs you will capture. Kodak or Fuji cameras stand a greater chance of capturing orbs compared to Canon or Nikon.
Some photos show geometric shape of diamonds, octagons and other shapes, this is known as coma and is caused by lens curvature error with digital and SLR cameras with small lenses and a short focus length.
Dust - dust particles are directly in front of the camera, the flash illuminates the dust and at 15 degrees of the lens central axis. Dust is not distribute evenly and therefore you could capture a dust orb and nothing in the next picture or before the orb picture.
Insects - Orbs are formed from the brightest high light and expand the circle of confusion.
Reflections - Usually more than one orb and one orb is more intense than the others and the orbs appear in a straight line from any direction to the more intense one.
Moisture/Fog/Mist etc - tends to fade from solid to transparent and mist tend to produce more orbs than rain. Rain can be interpreted by the camera as an incorrect lens.
Bright light sources - lamps, the sun etc can cause orbs.
Faces in orbs - are due to Pareidolia, from birth we are wired to see faces and therefore we can see faces in random patterns. Faces in orbs are produced by imperfections in the lens of the camera. Cheap cameras have only one lens and are more visible in pictures whereas expensive cameras have more lenses to reduce imperfections.
Tailed Orbs - outdoors are raindrops and when the focus point is to far away the flash stays on for longer and slowly fades. When a raindrop is falling the last part of the raindrop is less illuminated and shows up in the picture as an orb with a tail. Indoors the tailed orbs are usually insects, with the same principle as above.
Coloured Orbs - Yellow, blue or red orbs are thought to be pollen. Green orbs are thought to be mould spores. Grey orbs are thought to be dust and White orbs are thought to be snow, water or dust.
Colour patterns within Orbs - Many orbs have coloured patterns, usually the rings and are becoming more and more common with higher mega pixels digital cameras are thought to be due to moire patterns (digital imaging and computer graphics), circle of confusion and electronic noise (high ISO).
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